# RS Aggarwal Quantitative Aptitude PDF Free Download: SIMPLE INTEREST

**SIMPLE INTEREST**

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## IMPORTANT FACTS AND FORMULAE

1.. **Principal**: The money borrowed or lent out for a certain period is called the

**principal **or the **sum.**

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**. Interest**: Extra money paid for using other’s money is called **Simple Interest (S.I.)**: If the interest on a sum borrowed for a certain period is reckoned uniformly, then it is called**simple interest.**

Let Principal = P, Rate = R% per annum (p.a.) and Time = T years. Then,

- I. = (P*R*T )/100

(ii) P=(100*S.I)/(R*T) ;R=(100*S.I)/(P*T) and T=(100*S.I)/(P*R)

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__SOLVED EXAMPLES__

__SOLVED EXAMPLES__

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**Ex. 1**. **Find the simple interest on Rs. 68,000 at 16 2/3% per annum for 9 months.**

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**Sol.** P = Rs.68000,R = 50/3% p.a and T = 9/12 years = 3/4years.

\ S.I. = (P*R*T)/100 = Rs.(68,000*(50/3)*(3/4)*(1/100))= Rs.8500

**Ex. 2. Find the simple interest on Rs. 3000 at 6 1/4% per annum for the period from**

**4th Feb., 2005 to 18th April, 2005.**

**Sol.** Time = (24+31+18)days = 73 days = 73/365 years = 1/5 years.

P = Rs.3000 and R = 6 ¼ %p.a = 25/4%p.a

\S.I. = Rs.(3,000*(25/4)*(1/5)*(1/100))= Rs.37.50.

Remark : The day on which money is deposited is not counted while the day on which money is withdrawn is counted .

**Ex. 3. A sum at simple interests at 13 ½ % per annum amounts to Rs.2502.50 after 4 years find the sum.**

**Sol.** Let sum be Rs. x then , S.I.=Rs.(x*(27/2) *4*(1/100) ) = Rs.27x/50

\amount = (Rs. x+(27x/50)) = Rs.77x/50

\ 77x/50 = 2502.50 Û x = __2502.50 * 50__ = 1625

77

Hence , sum = Rs.1625.

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**Ex. 4. A sum of Rs. 800 amounts to Rs. 920 in 8 years at simple intere**

**interest rate is increased by 8%, it would amount to bow mucb ?**

**Sol.** S.l. = Rs. (920 – 800) = Rs. 120; p = Rs. 800, T = 3 yrs. _

. R = ((100 x 120)/(800*3) ) % = 5%.

New rate = (5 + 3)% = 8%.

New S.l. = Rs. (800*8*3)/100 = Rs. 192.

: New amount = Rs.(800+192) = Rs. 992.

**Ex. 5. Adam borrowed some money at the rate of 6% p.a. for the first two years , at the rate of 9% p.a. for the next three years , and at the rate of 14% p.a. for the period beyond five years. 1£ he pays a total interest of Rs. 11, 400 at the end of nine years how much money did he borrow ?**

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**Sol**. Let the sum borrowed be x. Then,

(x*2*6)/100 + (x*9*3)/100 + (x*14*4)/100 = 11400

Û (3x/25 + 27x/100 + 14x / 25) = 11400 Û 95x/100 = 11400 Û x = (11400*100)/95 = 12000.

Hence , sum borrowed = Rs.12,000.

**Ex. 6. A certain sum of money amounts to Rs. 1008 in 2 years and to Rs.1164 in 3 ½ years. Find the sum and rate of interests.**

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**Sol..** S.I. for 1 ½ years = Rs.(1164-1008) = Rs.156.

S.l. for 2 years = Rs.(156*(2/3)*2)=Rs.208

Principal = Rs. (1008 – 208) = Rs. 800.

Now, P = 800, T = 2 and S.l. = 208.

Rate =(100* 208)/(800*2)% = 13%

**Ex. 7. At what rate percent per annum will a sum of money double in 16 years.**

** Sol.**. Let principal = P. Then, S.l. = P and T = 16 yrs.

\Rate = (100 x P)/(P*16)% = 6 ¼ % p.a.

**Ex. 8. The simple interest on a sum of money is 4/9 of the principal .Find the rate percent and time, if both are numerically equal.**

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** Sol**. Let sum = Rs. x. Then, S.l. = Rs. 4x/9

Let rate = R% and time = R years.

Then, (x*R*R)/100=4x/9 or R^{2 }=400/9 or R = 20/3 = 6 2/3.

\Rate = 6 2/3 % ^{ }and Time = 6 2/3 years = 6 years 8 months.

**Ex. 9. The simple interest on a certain sum of money for 2 l/2 years at 12% per**

**annum is Rs. 40 less tban the simple interest on the same sum for 3 ½ years at 10% per annum. Find the sum.**

* *

** Sol.** Let the sum be Rs.

*x*Then, ((x*10*7)/(100*2)) – ( (x*12*5)/(100*2)) = 40

Û (7x/20)-(3x/10)=40

Û*x *= (40 * 20) = 800.

Hence, the sum is Rs. 800.

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**Ex. 10. A sum was put at simple interest at a certain rate for 3 years. Had it been**

**put at 2% higher rate, it would have fetched Rs. 360 more. Find the sum.**

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**Sol. **Let sum = P and original rate = R.

Then, [ (P*(R+2)*3)/100] – [ (P*R*3)/100] = 360.

Û 3PR + 6P – 3PR = 36000 Û 6P=36000 Û P=6000

Hence, sum = Rs. 6000.

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**Ex. 11. What annual instalment will discharge a debt of Rs. 1092 due in 3 years**

**at 12% simple interest?**

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**Sol **. Let each Instalment be Rs. *x *

* *Then, ( x+ ((x*12*1)/100)) + (x+ ((x*12*2)/100) ) + *x *= 1092

Û (*(28x/25) *+ (31x/25) + *x) *= 1092 Û (28x+31x+25x)=(1092*25)

Û x= (1092*25)/84 = Rs.325.

\ Each instalment = Rs. 325.

**Ex. 12. A sum of Rs. 1550 is lent out into two parts, one at 8% and another one at**

**6%. If the total annual income is Rs. 106, find the money lent at each rate.**

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** Sol.** Let the sum lent at 8% be Rs. x and that at 6% be Rs. (1550 – *x).*

\((x*8*1)/100) + ((1550-x)*6*1)/100=106

Û8x + 9300 –6x=10600 Û 2x = 1300 Û x = 650.

\ Money lent at 8% = Rs. 650. Money lent at 6% = Rs. (1550 – 650) = Rs. 900.