VISION IAS SOCIAL ISSUES PDF

Author: VISION IAS

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SOCIAL ISSUES
(May 2017 – February 2020)
Table of Contents

1. GENDER RELATED ISSUES ____________ 3
1.1. Misuse of Anti-Dowry Legislation______ 3
1.2. Triple Talaq _______________________ 3
1.3. She-Box __________________________ 4
1.4. Global Gender Gap Report 2017_______ 4
1.5. Women Set to be Inducted in Territorial
Army (TA) ____________________________ 4
1.6. Schemes for Economic Empowerment of
Women ______________________________ 5
1.6.1. Kanyashree Prakalpa Scheme__________ 5
1.6.2. Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra
(PMMSK) _______________________________ 5
1.6.3. 'SheMeansBusiness' Programme _______ 6
1.7 Schemes in Context of Violence Against
Women ______________________________ 6
1.7.1. Swadhar Greh Scheme _______________ 6
1.7.2. Nirbhaya Fund ______________________ 6
1.8. Schemes to Deal with Son Preference &
Girl Child Discrimination ________________ 6
1.8.1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao _____________ 6
1.8.2. Mission for Protection and Empowerment
for Women _____________________________ 7
1.9. Schemes Related to Women’s Health __ 8
1.9.1. Project Stree Swabhiman _____________ 8
1.9.2. Sub-Schemes Under ICDS _____________ 8
1.10. Maternity Benefit Schemes _________ 9
1.10.1. Vatsalya-Maatri Amrit Kosh __________ 9
1.10.2. Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana 9
1.10.3. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 201710
1.11. Other Schemes __________________ 10
1.11.1. Online Portals ‘Nari’ and ‘E-Samvaad’ _ 10
1.12. Developments Related to Transgender 11
2. CHILD RELATED ISSUES _____________ 12
2.1. Child Labour______________________ 12
2.2. Child Sex Abuse ___________________ 13
2.3. Safe Childhood Programme _________ 14
2.3.1. National Policy for Children 2013______ 15
2.3.2. National Action Plan for Children, 2016_ 15
3. OLD AGE/DISABLED/VULNERABLE
SECTIONS __________________________ 16
3.1. Elderly in India____________________ 16

3.1.1. National Council of Senior Citizens _____ 16
3.1.2. Policy Response to Aging _____________ 16
3.2. Disabled _________________________ 17
3.2.1. The Rights of Persons with Disability Act,
2016 __________________________________ 17
3.2.2. Divyang Sarathi Mobile App __________ 18
3.3. Minority _________________________ 18
3.3.1. Garib Nawaz Skill Development Centres_ 18
3.3.2. Jiyo Parsi__________________________ 18
3.4. Tribals___________________________ 19
3.4.1. Habitat Rights to PVTGS______________ 19
3.4.2. Eklavya Schools ____________________ 19
3.5. Other Issues ______________________ 20
3.5.1. Maharashtra Social Boycott Act _______ 20
3.5.2. Manual Scavenging _________________ 20
3.5.3. Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood
and Regulation of Street Vending) Act, 2017 __ 20
3.5.4. Inclusive India Initiative ______________ 21
3.5.5. 2016 Indian Exclusion Report (IXR) _____ 22
4. EDUCATION ______________________ 23
4.1. Primary & Secondary Education ______ 23
4.1.1. Integrated School Education Scheme ___ 23
4.1.2. National Achievement Survey _________ 24
4.1.3. The Right of Children to Free and
Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 25
4.2. Higher Education __________________ 25
4.2.1. All India Survey on Higher Education ___ 25
4.2.2. Institutions of Eminence _____________ 26
4.2.3. Revitalization Infrastructure and Systems in
Education ______________________________ 26
4.2.4. Technical Education Quality Improvement
Programme (TEQIP) ______________________ 26
4.2.5. Madhyamik and Uchchtar Shiksha Kosh _ 27
4.3. Miscellaneous ____________________ 28
4.3.1. Education Development Impact Bond __ 28
4.3.2. Creation of National Testing Agency ____ 28
4.3.3. Global Education Monitoring Report ___ 28
4.3.4. New Online Education Initiatives ______ 29
5. HEALTH _________________________ 30
5.1. Healthcare Status in India ___________ 30
5.1.1. Healthy States, Progressive India Report 30
5.1.2. Private Health Care _________________ 30
5.1.3. Focus on Newborns _________________ 31
5.1.4. Infant Mortality Rate ________________ 31
5.1.5. Integrated Health Information Platform
(IHIP) __________________________________ 32

2
5.2. Nutrition ________________________ 32
5.2.1. Global Hunger Index ________________ 32
5.2.2. Global Nutrition Report 2017 _________ 33
5.2.3. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in
the World Report _______________________ 33
5.2.4. Urban Nutrition in India _____________ 34
5.2.5. National Nutrition Strategy___________ 34
5.2.6. ‘Zero Hunger' Programme ___________ 36
5.2.7. Swasth Bachche, Swasth Bharat
Programme ____________________________ 36
5.2.8. Therapeutic Food __________________ 36
5.3. Family Planning ___________________ 37
5.3.1. Fertility Trend in India_______________ 37
5.3.2. Mission Parivar Vikas _______________ 37
5.4. Diseases _________________________ 38
5.4.1. Global Burden of Disease Study _______ 38
5.4.2. India State Level Disease Burden Report 39
5.4.3. National Strategic Plan (2017-24) & Mission
Sampark _______________________________ 40
5.4.4. National Strategic Plan for Malaria
Elimination_____________________________ 41
5.4.5. Pictorial Warning on Tobacco Products _ 42
5.4.6. India Health Fund __________________ 42
5.4.7. Joint Monitoring Programme 2017 ____ 42
5.5. Government Schemes ______________ 43
5.5.1. NHPS ____________________________ 43
5.5.2. Mission Indradhanush_______________ 44

5.5.3. Mental Healthcare Act_______________ 45
5.5.4. Evin Project _______________________ 45
5.5.5. Index for Tracking Performance of Hospitals45
5.5.6. ECHO Clinic________________________ 46
5.5.7. AMRIT Outlets _____________________ 46
5.5.8. Janaushadhi Pariyojana ______________ 46
6. MISCELLENEOUS __________________ 48
6.1. Labour Ministry: Social Security Schemes48
6.2. Indexes and Reports _______________ 48
6.2.1. Social Progress Index: State of India ____ 48
6.2.2. Global Human Capital Index __________ 49
6.2.3. SDGS Index ________________________ 49
6.3. Programmes and Schemes __________ 50
6.3.1. Swatch Bharat Abhiyan ______________ 50
6.3.2. Swacchta Hi Seva ___________________ 50
6.3.3. Arunachal Becomes Open Defecation Free
(ODF)__________________________________ 51
6.3.4. India Youth Development Index and Report
2017 __________________________________ 51
6.3.5. Vidyarthi Vigyan Manthan ____________ 52
6.3.6. LPG Panchayat _____________________ 52
6.3.7. Utkrisht Impact Bond________________ 53
6.3.8. National Rural Drinking Water Programme53
6.3.9. Swajal Yojana ______________________ 53
6.3.10. World Inequality Report ____________ 54

 

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